47. Nichols, J. E.; McCloskey, B. D. "The Sudden Death Phenomena in Nonaqueous Na–O2 Batteries." Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2017). 121 (1), 85-96. [Link]

46. McCloskey, B. D.; Addison, D. "A Viewpoint on Heterogeneous Electrocatalysis and Redox Mediation in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries." ACS Catalysis (2017), 7 (1), 772-778. [Link]

45. Burke, C.; Black, R.; Kochetkov, I.; Giordani, V.; Addison, D.; Nazar, L.; McCloskey, B. D. "Implications of 4 e- Oxygen Reduction via Iodide Redox Mediation in Li-O2 Batteries." ACS Energy Letters (2016), 1, 747-756. [Link]

44. Aurbach, D.; McCloskey, B. D.; Nazar, L. F.; Bruce, P. G. "Advances in understanding mechanisms underpinning Li-air batteries." Nature Energy (2016), 1, 16128. [Link]

43. Knudsen, K. B.; Vegge, T.; McCloskey, B. D.; Hjelm, J. "An Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study on the Effects of the Surface- and Solution-Based Mechanisms in Li-O2 Cells" Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2016), 163(9), A2065-A2071. [Link]

42. Knudsen, K. B.; Nichols, J. E.; Vegge, T.; Luntz, A. C.; McCloskey, B. D.; Hjelm, J. "An electrochemical impedance study of the capacity limitations in Na-O2 cells." Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2016), 120(20), 10799-10805. [Link]

41. Viswanathan, V.; Pande, V.; Abraham, K. M.; Luntz, A. C.; McCloskey, B. D.; Addison, D. "Comment on "Cycling Li-O2 batteries via LiOH formation and decomposition."" Science (2016), 352(6286), 667. [Link] 

40. Richey, F. W.; McCloskey, B. D.; Luntz, A. C. "Mg anode corrosion in aqueous electrolytes and implications for Mg-air batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2016), 163(6), A958-A963. [Link]

39.  Giordani, V.; Tozier, D.; Tan, H.; Burke, C. M.; Gallant, B. M.; Uddin, J.; Greer, J. R.; McCloskey, B. D.; Chase, G. V.; Addison, D. "A molten salt lithium-oxygen battery." Journal of the American Chemical Society (2016), 138(8), 2656-2663. [Link]

38.  McCloskey, B. D.  "The attainable gravimetric and volumetric energy density of Li-S and Li-ion battery cells with solid separator protected Li metal anodes.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2015), 6, 4581-4588, invited perspective. [Link]

37.  Su, N.C.; Buss, H. G.; McCloskey, B. D.; Urban, J. J. "Enhancing permeation and mechanical performance of hybrid membranes through nanoparticle surface modification." ACS Macro Letters (2015), 4, 1239-1243. [Link]

36.  McCloskey, B. D. "Expanding the Ragone plot: pushing the limits of energy storage." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2015), 6(18), 2592-3593, invited guest commentary. [Link]

35.  Burke, C. M.; Pande, V.; Khetan, A.; Viswanathan, V.; McCloskey, B. D. “Enhancing electrochemical intermediate solvation through electrolyte anion selection to increase nonaqueous Li-O2 battery capacity.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2015), 112(30), 9293-9298. [Link]
   -Highlighted in Tech Xplore/

34.  McCloskey, B. D.; Burke, C. M.; Nichols, J. E.; Renfrew, S. E. “Mechanistic insights for the development of Li-O2 battery materials: addressing Li2O2 conductivity limitations and electrolyte and cathode instabilities.” Chemical Communications (2015), 51, 12701-12715, feature article. [Link]

33. Hojberg, J.; McCloskey, B. D.; Hjelm, J.; Vegge, T.; Johansen, K.; Norby, P.; Luntz, A. C. "An electrochemical impedance spectroscopy investigation of the overpotentials in Li-O2 batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2015), 7(7), 4039-4047. [Link] 

32.  Aetukuri, N. B.; McCloskey, B. D.; Garcia, J. M.; Krupp, L. E.; Viswanathan, V.; Luntz, A. C. "Solvating additives drive solution-mediated electrochemistry and enhance toroid growth in non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries."  Nature Chemistry (2015), 7, 50-56. [Link]

31. Luntz, A. C.; McCloskey, B. D.  "Nonaqueous Li-air batteries: a status report." Chemical Reviews (2014), 114(23), 11721-11750, invited review. [Link]

30. Garcia, J. M.; Jones, G. O.; Virwani, K.; McCloskey, B. D.; Boday, D. J.; ter Huurne, G. M.; Horn, H. W.; Coady, D. J.; Bintaleb, A. M.; Alabdulrahman, A. M. S.; Alsewailem, F.; Almegren, H. A. A.; Hedrick, J. L. "Recyclable, strong thermosets and organogels via parafromaldehyde condensation with diamines." Science (2014), 344(6185), 732-735. [Link]
   -Scientific American Top 10 World Changing Idea in 2014
   -Perspective in Science written by Tim Long.
   -Highlighted in the New York TimesWall Street JournalBBC, and Nature, among many others!

29. McCloskey, B. D.; Garcia, J. M.; Luntz, A. C. "Chemical and electrochemical differences in nonaqueous Li-O2 and Na-O2 batteries." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2014), 5, 1230-1235. [Link]
   -Bryan discusses this article in this ACS LiveSlides link.

28. McCloskey, B. D.; Valery, A.; Luntz, A. C.; Gowda, S. R.; Wallraff, G. M.; Garcia, J. M.; Mori, T.; Krupp, L. E. "Combining accurate O2 and Li2O2 assays to separate discharge and charge stability limitations in nonaqueous Li-O2 batteries." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2013), 4, 2989-2993.[Link]
   -Bryan discusses this article in this ACS LiveSlides link.

27. Gowda, S. R.; Brunet, A.; Wallraff, G. W.; McCloskey, B. D. “Implications of CO2 contamination in rechargeable nonaqueous Li-O2 batteries.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2013), 4, 276-279[Link]

26. Kim, H. W.; McCloskey, B. D.; Choi, T. H.; Lee, C.; Kim M. J.; Freeman, B. D.; Park, H. B. “Oxygen concentration control of dopamine-induced high uniformity surface coating chemistry.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2013), 5(2), 233-238. [Link]

25. McCloskey, B. D.; Scheffler, R.; Speidel, A.; Girishkumar, G.; Luntz, A. C. “On the mechanism of non-aqueous Li-O2 electrochemistry on C and its kinetic overpotenitals: some implications for Li-air batteries.” Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2012), 116(45), 23897-23905. [Link]

24. McCloskey, B. D.; Bethune, D. S.; Shelby, R. M.; Mori, T.; Scheffler, R.; Speidel, A.; Sherwood, M.; Luntz, A. C. “Limitations in rechargeability of Li-O2batteries and possible origins.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2012), 3, 3043-3047. [Link]

23. McCloskey, B. D.; Speidel, A.; Scheffler, R.; Miller, D. C.; Viswanathan, V.; Hummelshoj, J. S.; Norskov, J. K.; Luntz, A. C. “The twin problems of interfacial carbonate formation in non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2012), 3, 997-1001. [Link]

22. McCloskey, B. D.; Park, H. B.; Rowe, B. W.; Miller, D. J.; Freeman, B. D. “A bioinspired fouling-resistant surface modification for water purification membranes.” Journal of Membrane Science (2012), 413-414, 82-90. [Link]

21. La, Y. H.; Sooriyakumaran, R.; McCloskey, B. D.; Allen, R. D.; Freeman, B. D.; Al-Rahseed, R. “Enhancing water permeability of fouling-resistant POSS-PEGM hydrogels using ‘addition-extraction’ of sacrificial additives.” Journal of Membrane Science (2012), 401-402, 306-312. [Link]

20. Lee, C.H.; McCloskey, B. D.; Cook, J.; Lane, O.; Xie, W.; Freeman, B. D.; Lee, Y. M.; McGrath, J. E. “Disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) random copolymer thin film composite membrane using a benign solvent for reverse osmosis applications.” Journal of Membrane Science (2011), 389, 363-371. [Link]

19. Viswanathan, V.; Girishkumar, G.; Thygesen, K. S.; Hummelshoj, J. S.; McCloskey, B. D.; Norskov, J. K.; Luntz, A. C. “Electrical conductivity in Li2O2 and its role in determining capacity limitations in non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries.” Journal of Chemical Physics (2011), 135, 214704. [Link]

18. McCloskey, B. D.; Scheffler, R.; Speidel, A.; Bethune, D. S.; Luntz, A. C. “On the efficacy of electrocatalysis in Li-O2 batteries.” Journal of the American Chemical Society (2011), 133(45), 18038-18041. [Link]

17. McCloskey, B. D.; Bethune, D. S.; Shelby, R. M.; Girishkumar, G.; Swanson, S. A.; Luntz, A. C. “Solvents’ critical role in nonaqueous lithium-oxygen battery electrochemistry.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2011), 2, 1161-1166. [Link]

16. La, Y. H.; McCloskey, B. D.; Sooriyakumaran, R.; Vora, A.; Freeman, B. D.; Nassar, M.; Hedrick, J.; Nelson, A.; Allen, R. D. “Bifunctional hydrogel coatings for water purification membranes: Improved fouling resistance and antimicrobial activity.” Journal of Membrane Science (2011), 372 (1-2), 285-291. [Link]

15. Arena, J. T.; McCloskey, B.; Freeman, B. D.; McCutcheon, J. R. “Surface modification of thin film composite membrane support layers with polydopamine: enabling use of reverse osmosis membranes in pressure retarded osmosis.” Journal of Membrane Science (2011), 375 (1-2), 55-62.[Link]

14. Albertus, P.; Girishkumar, G.; McCloskey, B.; Sanchez-Carrera, R. S.; Kozinsky, B.; Christensen, J.; Luntz, A. C. “Identifying capacity limitations in the Li/oxygen battery using experiments and modeling.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2011), 158 (3), A343-A351. [Link]

13. Girishkumar, G.; McCloskey, B.; Luntz, A. C.; Swanson, S.; Wilcke, W. “Lithium−air battery: promise and challenges.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2010), 1 (14), 2193-2203. [Link]
   -Bryan discusses this article in J. Phys. Chem. Lett. Perspective YouTube video.

12. La, Y.-H.; Sooriyakumaran, R.; Miller, D. C.; Fujiwara, M.; Terui, Y.; Yamanaka, K.; McCloskey, B. D.; Freeman, B. D.; Allen, R. D. “Novel thin film composite membrane containing ionizable hydrophobes: pH-dependent reverse osmosis behavior and improved chlorine resistance.” Journal of Materials Chemistry (2010), 20 (22), 4615-4620. [Link]

11. McCloskey, B. D.; Park, H. B.; Ju, H.; Rowe, B. W.; Miller, D. J.; Chun, B. J.; Kin, K.; Freeman, B. D. “Influence of polydopamine deposition conditions on pure water flux and foulant adhesion resistance of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, and microfiltration membranes.” Polymer (2010), 51 (15), 3472-3485. [Link]

10. McCloskey, B. D.; Ju, H.; Freeman, B. D. “Composite membranes based on a selective chitosan−poly(ethylene glycol) hybrid layer: synthesis, characterization, and performance in oil−water purification.” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2009), 49 (1), 366-373. [Link]

9. Sagle, A. C.; Van Wagner, E. M.; Ju, H.; McCloskey, B. D.; Freeman, B. D.; Sharma, M.S. “PEG-coated reverse osmosis membranes: desalination properties and fouling resistance.” Journal of Membrane Science (2009), 340 (1-2), 92-108. [Link]

8. Ju, H.; McCloskey, B. D.; Sagle, A. C.; Kusuma, V. A.; Freeman, B. D. “Preparation and characterization of crosslinked poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels as fouling-resistant membrane coating materials.” Journal of Membrane Science (2009), 330, 180-188. [Link]

7. Ju, H.; McCloskey, B. D.; Sagle, A. C.; Wu, Y.-H.; Kusuma, V. A.; Freeman, B. D. “Crosslinked poly(ethylene oxide) fouling resistant coating materials for oil/water separation.” Journal of Membrane Science (2008), 307(2), 260-267. [Link]

6. Lee, J. G.; Shin E. J.; Pavelka, R. A.; Kirchner, M. S.; Dounas-Frazer, D.; McCloskey, B. D.; Petrick, D. E.; McKinnon, J. T.; Herring, A. M. “Effect of metal doping on the initial pyrolysis chemistry of cellulose chars.” Energy and Fuels (2008), 22(4), 2816-2825. [Link]

5. Revanur, R.; McCloskey, B.; Breitenkamp, K.; Freeman, B. D.; Emrick, T. “Reactive Amphiphilic Graft Copolymer Coatings Applied to Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Ultrafiltration Membranes.” Macromolecules (2007), 40(10), 3624-3630. [Link]

4. Sweikart, M. A.; Herring, A. M.; Turner, J. A.; Williamson, D. L.; McCloskey, B. D.; Boonrueng, S. R.; Sanchez, M. “12-Tungstophosphoric Acid Composites with Sulfonated or Unsulfonated Epoxies for High-Temperature PEMFCs.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2005), 152(1), A98-A103. [Link]

3. Herring, A. M.; McKinnon, J. T.; Gneshin, K. W.; Pavelka, R.; Petrick, D. E.; McCloskey, B. D.; Filley, J. “Detection of reactive intermediates from and characterization of biomass char by laser pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectroscopy.” Fuel (2004), 83(11-12), 1483-1494. [Link]

2. Herring, A. M.; McKinnon, J. T.; McCloskey, B. D.; et al. ”A Novel Method for the Templated Synthesis of Homogeneous Samples of Hollow Carbon Nanospheres from Cellulose Chars.” Journal of the American Chemical Society (2003), 125(33), 9916-9917. [Link]

1. Herring, A. M.; McKinnon, J. T.; Petrick, D. E.; Gneshin, K. W.; Filley, J.; McCloskey, B. D. “Detection of reactive intermediates during laser pyrolysis of cellulose char by molecular beam mass spectroscopy, implications for the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2003), 66(1-2), 165-182. [Link]

Book Chapter

1. Luntz, A. C.; McCloskey, B. D.; Viswanathan, V.; Gowda, S. R.; Horn, H. "Cathode electrochemistry in nonaqueous lithium air batteries" in The Lithium-Air Battery: Fundamentals (2014)Springer, p. 59-120. [Link]

Patents and Patent Applications

8.  "Lithium oxygen battery and electrolyte composition." Kang, S. J.; McCloskey, B. D.; Mori, T.; Narizuka, S.; Wallraff, G. M. US patent application no. 14/228,653, Oct. 1, 2015. [Link]

7.  “Ion conducting hybrid membranes.” Aetukuri, N. P. B.; Hart, M. W.; Kim, H.; Kitajima, S.; Krupp, L. E.; McCloskey, B. D.; Miller, R. D.; Scott, J. C.; Wilcke, W. US 9,520,627 (2016). [Link]

6. "Cathode material for lithium-oxygen battery." Kim, H. C.; McCloskey, B. D.; Scheffler, R.; Speidel, A.-K.; Swanson, S. A.; Wallraff, G. M. US 9,450,278 (2016). [Link]

5. “Surface deposition of small molecules to increase water purification membrane fouling resistance.” Freeman, B. D.; Miller, D. J.; McCloskey, B. D.; Bielawski, C. W.; Dreyer, D. R. US patent application no. 12/939,764, May 10, 2012. [Link]

4. “Method of modifying thin film composite membrane support structures for engineered osmosis applications.” Arena, J. T.; McCutcheon, J. R.; McCloskey, B. D.; Freeman, B. D. US patent application no. 13/184,987, Jul. 18, 2011. [Link]

3. “Process of forming crosslinked copolymer film, crosslinked copolymer film formed thereby, and water purification membrane.” Emrick, T. S.; Beitenkamp, K.; Revanur, R.; Freeman, B. D.; McCloskey, B. D. US 8,163,814 (2012). [Link]

2. “Water purification membranes with improved fouling resistance.” Freeman, B. D.; Park, H. B.; McCloskey, B. D. US 8,017,050 (2011). [Link]

1. “Laser pyrolysis method for producing carbon nano-spheres.” McKinnon, T. J.; Herring, A. M.; McCloskey, B. D. WO 2005023708 and US 7,601,321 (2009). [Link]